The word Canada traces its origin to the word Kanata meaning a “village” or a “settlement”. Geographically, Canada occupies most of the northern part of North America. The US lies to its south and to the northwest lies the US state of Alaska. It is the second largest country in the world after Russia. The population of the country as per Statistics Canada estimates is 32.5 million people.
Canada is a member of the most elite groups of the world like the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and is counted amongst the richest nations of the world. The country has an open market economy with a GDP that has traditionally been low.
Canada has a constitutional monarchy. The Queen, Elizabeth II, is the head of the state. The country has a parliamentary democracy with deep-rooted democratic traditions. The states of the country are federating with the center. The Canadian Constitution that includes the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms governs the legal framework in the country. One of the principal characteristics of the Constitution is the written text and the unwritten conventions that govern it. A Governor General, who is the representative of the Queen in Canada, formally appoints the Prime Minister to head the government at the center.
The country has one of the lowest population densities in the world with 3.5 people per square kilometer. It can also be called the country of lakes, as the number of lakes here is more than in any other country in the world.
Due to its vast geographical stretch the average temperatures across the country differ widely. In Prairies provinces particularly, winters can be harsh. The daily average temperature in these regions is near –15 degree centigrade, which drops down to –40 degree centigrade with chilling winds. The summers also depend on the location. In the eastern and western coasts of the country summer temperatures are generally near 20 degree centigrade. Between the costs the average summer temperatures range between 25 and 30 degrees. Some interior locations experience extreme heat during the summer
Education in Canada:
Higher education in the country begins after the secondary education. Students depending on their specialization pursue professional or vocational courses. In Canada at least 900000 people have been employed under the education sector. The sector has promising prospects for those wishing to pursue higher education.
Citizenship and Immigration Canada have formulated policies for international students who complete a degree, diploma or certificate program in Canada. This does not apply to Exchange or School of English/ESL students. This policy allows for up to a maximum of 2 years of work following the completion of an eligible program.
Stay in Canada
There is a range of staying options for students who are away from their home and attending universities. Here, the most important thing is to decide on whether to live inside the campus or off-campus. A few institutions, however, do not have on-campus living options. In these cases the students have to look for their own arrangements. Whether high-rise apartments, heritage buildings, residences, refurbished apartments or downtown locations, one can get accommodation in these places depending on the budget.
Fast Facts on Canada:
These are some of the fast facts about Canada that students will like to know when they decide on pursuing higher studies in Canada.
These fast facts about Canada have been provided here so that a student can have a rough idea about Canada at the first glance itself.
Capital : Ottawa
Largest city : Toronto
Area: 9,984, 670 sq km. (second largest country in the world after Russia)
Official language(s) : English, French
Government : Federal Constitutional Monarchy
Monarch: Queen Elizabeth II
Governor General : Michaelle Jean
Prime Minister: Stephen Harper
Population : 32,547,200 (as per 2006 est.)
Currency : Canadian Dollar ($) (CAD)
Calling code : +1